Estonian National Museum
paula santos | arquitectura, Lda
27325,00 m 2
The proposed building to be the Estonian National Museum, has a main rectangular body, parallelipipedic, with an extension of 312 by 65 metres.It's a compact volume, consisting of two floors, ending at the great square over the lake.
It was foreseen a concrete structure with walls and columns spaced 16 m, on a grid, supporting the 0,80 m depth prestressed concrete slabs of the first level and roof.
The volume,437.200m², compact in its origin, has been cut or dug by vertical openings, modules of 16 metres, which constitute the great exterior and interior patios, that allow the communication between the various functional areas with the landscape, and also permitting the natural lighting of the interior areas, through the use of translucent materials.
The square is the continuation of the building's implantation boundary in the territory, stretching the platform from its foundation to the existent lake's water. The structural solution is a 20 cm depth concrete slab, supported on slender steel columns in the area which develops outside of the ground limits. No columns and foundations are built on the lake, being the slab reinforced with beams that span the distance between the last column and the corner of the square over the lake area.
The second existing lake, artificially constructed, suggested the possibility of redesigning a new water element, also in length, to contain the volume erected in the posterior elevation.
The actual topography is left untouched, requiring no excavation or changes to the configuration of the site.